Panafrican News Agency

Ethiopian crisis: Tigray aid situation worsening by the day, warn UN humanitarians

Geneva, Switzerland (PANA) - The aid crisis in Ethiopia's Tigray region is worsening, the UN said on Thursday, with stocks of relief aid, cash and fuel “running very low or depleted”. 

Since 12 July, less than 10 per cent of the trucks that should have reached desperate populations affected by months of fighting, have managed to get through, according to the UN aid coordination office (OCHA). 

It noted in a statement that the only access route to Tigray, via Afar region using the Semera-Abala corridor, has been inaccessible since the 22nd of August. 

Humanitarian partners estimate that 100 trucks of food, non-food items, and fuel need to enter Tigray every day to sustain an adequate response.  

OCHA also highlighted that in addition to food, a minimum of 200,000 litres of fuel is required for the humanitarian response every week. 

But since 12 July, only 282,000 litres have reached Tigray and none since 16 August. 

The UN agency pointed out that around $7 million is needed every week to sustain humanitarian operations in Tigray – equivalent to 300 million birr  in local currency - including for staff salaries, local procurement, and cash-based assistance. But only 47 million birr has been brought in since 12 July, it said.  

The statement said the spillover of a 10-month long conflict between Ethiopian troops and the Tigray Defence Force into neighbouring Afar and Amhara regions, continues to affect civilians, resulting in food insecurity, displacement, and the disruption of livelihoods. 

Some 1.7 million people are estimated to be facing food insecurity in Afar and Amhara. Last month, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned that “a humanitarian catastrophe is unfolding before our eyes” with more than two million people displaced, and reportedly 300,000 more people displaced in Afar and Amhara. 

At least 400,000 people are living in famine-like conditions, with the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) warning that 100,000 face severe acute malnutrition within the year. 

Adding to the Secretary-General’s call for an immediate end to hostilities and for the negotiation of a lasting ceasefire, OCHA urged all parties to the conflict to allow and facilitate timely, unfettered, safe and sustained access to all people affected by the crisis. 

In a statement, acting Humanitarian Coordinator in Tigray, Grant Leaity, said that in accordance with international humanitarian law, “all parties to the conflict must allow and facilitate the rapid and unimpeded passage of impartial humanitarian relief to avert this looming catastrophe”. 

“They must also respect and protect all humanitarian personnel and assets”, he added. “In particular, the Government of Ethiopia must allow and facilitate the unimpeded entry into the country, as well as movement within the country, of humanitarian relief personnel, supplies and equipment, including cash and fuel, whether over land, water or by air." 

-0- PANA MA 3Sept2021