UN: UN calls for closer cooperation with African organizations for sustaining peace

New York, US (PANA) - UN Deputy Secretary-General, Mr. Jan Eliasson on Thursday
said stronger partnerships between the UN and African regional and sub-regional
organizations are necessary to sustain the momentum for peace building in Africa
and prevent a lapse into violent conflict.

Mr. Eliasson, who spoke at a high-level meeting on sustaining peace in Africa, held
at the UN headquarters New York, also called for greater efforts to reinforce
initiatives and define the parameters of cooperation.

"Today’s global realities – the changing nature of violent conflicts, the deepening
refugee crisis and rising violent extremism underline the necessity to focus on
preventing crises and addressing root causes," he stated.

He said that, "formulating global responses from purely security and humanitarian
perspectives is insufficient. We must avoid vicious cycles of military response and
continued conflict and suffering.”

The deputy UN chief noted the timeliness of the meeting, which was jointly
organized by the UN Office of the Special Adviser on Africa, the UN Peacebuilding
Support Office and the African Union (AU) under the theme: "Sustaining Peace:
Mechanisms, partnerships and the future of peace building in Africa."

Mr. Eliasson also said that the meeting followed the adoption on 27 April of
substantially identical resolutions by the UN Security Council and the UN General
Assembly on the review of the UN Peacebuilding Architecture.

According to him, "these ground-breaking texts place sustaining peace at the
core of national, regional and international peace building and conflict prevention".

He said that through the two resolutions, UN member states had stressed the
importance of stronger partnerships, especially with regional and sub-regional
organizations.

Emphasizing that the AU is a vital strategic partner of the UN, Mr. Eliasson, also
noted that over the past decade, the UN’s partnership with the AU and the
continent’s sub-regional organizations had grown significantly.

"This meeting is an opportunity to take further steps together to prevent the
lapse and relapse into violent conflict," he stressed, adding that peace building
in Africa has been a top priority for the UN.

Citing Guinea-Bissau, Burundi and Somalia as examples of cooperation
between the UN and AU, the Un deputy chief said that the Security Council and
General Assembly resolutions encourage regular exchanges of views, joint
initiatives and information-sharing between the UN peace building family and
regional and sub-regional organizations.

He said: "We should institutionalize such interactions, with a renewed focus
on sustaining peace."

He also stated: "As we develop our responses along those lines, we must
recognize that sustaining peace is a core task derived from the UN Charter.
It sets the direction for all UN activities, from conflict prevention and
peacekeeping to work on human rights, reconstruction and development."

Mr. Eliasson said that such work requires a shared responsibility and
commitment between the UN and its member states, including on financing.

"Given the serious funding shortfall of UN Peacebuilding Fund, I appeal to
you to provide predictable and sustainable financing, the UN deputy chief
stressed.

He also stressed the need to strengthen the links between peace building
efforts and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

"The 2030 Agenda has a great potential to address the various factors
which drive violent conflicts, including socio-economic and gender
inequalities, lack of jobs, poor natural resource management, climate
change, and corruption and the absence of the rule of law and well
functioning institutions," he added.
-0-  PANA  AA  12May2016

12 may 2016 21:52:59




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