New York, US (PANA) - The global aviation system is of vital importance to economic development and prosperity, and all governments must strengthen, both individually and collectively, aviation security measures, in order to secure a stable and peaceful global environment, the UN Security Council stated on Thursday in a resolution in New York.
Adopting resolution 2309 (2016) on threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts, the Security Council called on governments to work within the UN’s International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to ensure that its international security standards are reviewed and adapted to effectively address the threat posed by terrorist targeting of civil aviation.
Expressing particular concern that terrorist groups are actively seeking ways to defeat or circumvent aviation security, the Council also urged all governments to strengthen and promote the effective application of ICAO standards and recommended practices, and to assist ICAO in continuing to enhance audit, capacity development and training programmes in order to support their implementation.
It noted with concern that, "terrorism threat has become more diffuse, with an increase, in various regions of the world, of terrorist acts including those motivated by intolerance or violent extremism."
It also expressed its determination to combat that threat, and also expressed grave concern over terrorist attacks against civil aviation and over the fact that civil aviation may be used as a transportation means by foreign terrorist fighters.
The Council called on all governments to, among other actions, ensure that effective, risk-based measures are in place at the airports within their jurisdiction, take all necessary steps to ensure that such measures are effectively implemented on the ground on a continuing and sustainable basis ensure that such measures take into account the potential role of those with privileged access to areas, knowledge or information that may assist terrorists in planning or conducting attacks and urgently address any gaps or vulnerabilities that may be highlighted by ICAO or national self-risk assessment or audit processes.
"In addition, all governments should strengthen security screening procedures and maximize the promotion, utilization and sharing of new technologies and innovative techniques that maximize the capability to detect explosives and other threats.
"Specifically, under the terms of the resolution, governments that are able to do so are urged to assist in the delivery of effective and targeted capacity development, training and other necessary resources, technical assistance, technology transfers and programmes," it stressed.
The Council also called on all governments to strengthen their international and regional cooperation to boost information-sharing, border control, law enforcement and criminal justice to better counter the threat posed by foreign terrorist fighters and returnees and urged cooperation between ICAO and the Counter-Terrorism Executive Directorate on identifying gaps and vulnerabilities relevant to aviation security.
It further requested that its Counter-Terrorism Committee hold a special meeting within 12 months, in cooperation with ICAO, on the issue of terrorist threats to civil aviation.
-0- PANA AA/VAO 22Sept2016