Sharm El Sheikh- Egypt (PANA) -- The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) has presented a mixed report on the security situation in Africa, saying while significant breakthroughs have been recorded in some, others have been bogged down by deadlocks.
The report, which highlights the council activities as well as the security situation in Africa, was obtained by PANA here ahead of Monday's opening of the AU Summit.
"If remarkable progress has been recorded since last January as testified to, among other things, by the recent evolution of the situation in Burundi, the breakthroughs recorded in the peace process in Côte d'Ivoire and the restoration of the authority of the Comorian state in Anjouan, other situations keep being marked by a persistent deadlock," the report said.
"New tensions, which could degenerate into an open conflict if nothing is done to curb them, have emerged", the report said, without elaborating.
On the situation in the Comoros, the PSC noted the success of the "Democracy in the Comoros" operation, launched on 25 March 2008 by the Comorian army with the support of Tanzania, Sudan, Libya and Senegal.
The report said it was now up to the Comorian government and the other actors concerned to set about reforming the archipelago's constitutional architecture and improving governance and fighting poverty.
On Kenya, the report said the post-election crisis in the country was overcome with the signing, on 28 February, of the national accord and the reconciliation law.
''Since then, measures have been taken to implement the commitments made," the report said.
Concerning Somalia, the PSC pointed out that ''if the security and humanitarian situation remain precarious, the period under review was marked by a remarkable progress in the reconciliation process, with the signing, in Djibouti, on 9 June, of an agreement between the transition federal government and the Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia (ARL), under the auspices of the United Nations and with AU support ".
The PSC said it would keep up efforts to bring the other Somali actors to join the peace process and renounce violence.
On the other hand, it said no progress had been recorded concerning the border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia and the overall implementation of the peace process.
It also noted that the United Nations mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea provisionally withdrew its personnel from Eritrea and suspended its activities in this zone in view of the growing restrictions it faces.
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, it said the stabilisation and peace consolidation process continues, urging the parties to keep up their efforts to implement their commitments on the situation in the Kivu.
On Sudan, the PSC commended the determination of the parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed by the government and the Sudanese People's liberation Movement, but noted that there were still pending issues regarding the implementation of the CPA.
On the other hand, it said the peace process in Sudan's western Darfur region remains deadlocked, despite efforts made by AU and United Nations envoys.
It said official in-depth negotiations had not yet started, in view of the lack of confidence among the parties, while noting the worsening relations between Sudan and Chad, the two countries accusing each other of subversive activities.
The PSC also observed that the Central African Republic (CAR) has recorded an encouraging development since last February.
The preparatory meeting for country's inclusive dialogue has wound up its proceedings and handed the final report to the head of state.
The meeting has recommended that the dialogue be held in the capital city, Bangui.
On Côte d'Ivoire, the report said the political climate had remained stable since the signing of the Ouagadougou Accord, and noted the smooth collaboration between President Laurent Gbagbo and his Prime minister, Guillaume Soro.
It also said the birth registration campaigns went off very well and were expected to lead to the holding of elections on 30 November.
The PSC also said the situation in Liberia had continued to improve, adding that the reconstruction and peace consolidation process in the country had recorded new breakthroughs.