Mauritius: Women outnumber men in Mauritius

Port-Louis, Mauritius (PANA) - Official statistics published in Mauritius show that out of a total population of 1,260,934, there were 636,932 women against 624,002 men in 2014 or 12,930 more women than men.

The ratio between the two genders works out to 98 men for every 100 women.

Statistics Mauritius indicated on Saturday that though women were more numerous in the total population, this was not the case in all age groups.

At the younger ages (under 50 years), men were more numerous mainly due to more births of baby boys than girls. In 2014, there were 102.7 male births for every 100 female births.  

At ages 50 years and above, women outnumbered men and their proportion increases at higher ages.

The male-female ratio stood at around 102 for those aged between 40 to 49 years compared to 53 among those aged 80 years and over; there were around 2 women for every man in this age group. The main reason for this imbalance is that women live longer than men.

The government organization indicated that women continued to give birth to fewer children than in the past and that both men and women were getting married at an older age and the age difference between them was narrowing over time.

On the health front, diabetes, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and cancer together accounted for 62.9% of causes of deaths among women against 56.2% of men’s deaths.

During 2014, 322 new cases of HIV/AIDS were registered and the proportion of women among the new cases was 41% compared to 16% in 2006. The number has been increasing since 1987 to reach 6,090 at December 2014, of whom 23 % were women.

Regarding the number of deaths in the island, though women outnumber men, there are fewer deaths among women than among men: 5,329 men compared to 4,353 women died in 2014.

Causes of death specific to women, such as breast and uterus cancer were responsible for 4.9% of deaths among women while maternal deaths was responsible for another 0.2%.

Statistics Mauritius further indicated that women were largely under-represented in decision making at higher sphere of society. The number of female parliamentarians is 8 out of a total of 70(11%) in 2014 compared to 13 (19%) in 2010.

Women’s participation in decision making at the level of local government has also decreased at the last election. In 2015, women comprised nearly 34% of the elected members at the Municipal Council Election compared to some 37% at the previous election of 2012.  

However, more women are occupying high positions in government services. The proportion of women in the most senior positions has increased from 19% to 45% over the past 15 years.

Women have a higher life expectancy than men. In fact, women live 7 years longer than men. In 2014, life expectancy at birth for women was 78 years compared to 71 years for men.

On the labour front, it said that in 2014, the active Mauritian population (aged 16 years and above) stood at 575,700 with 352,800 men and 222,900 women.  

The active women represented 45.3% of the female population aged 16 years and above compared to 75.2% for men.

In 2014, Mauritius held the 106th position out of 142 countries compared to the 98th position the previous year according to the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of the World Economic Forum.

The GGI seeks to measure gender equality across four key areas: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival and political empowerment.
-0- PANA NA/MA 26July2015

26 july 2015 07:09:06

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