Kadhafi urges Africa to end cycle of failures

Sirte- Libya (PANA) -- Libyan leader Moammar Kadhafi on Monday appealed to African countries to put an end to the cycle of failures that afflicted the defunct Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and which may also threaten the African Union (AU).
In his speech Monday at the opening of the 5th ordinary annual summit in Sirte, the Libyan leader urged African leaders to ensure that only competent officials headed AU institutions.
He revealed that the AU current chairman was only a honorary post with no legal backing to take any binding decisions on all African states.
According to him, the same situation applies with the chairperson of the AU Commission, the executive council and other institutions of the continental organisation.
Meanwhile, Kadhafi questioned the lack of foreign and defence ministers at the continental level while foreign countries appointed deputies to their foreign and defence ministers to specifically deal with African affairs.
According to the Libyan leader, the AU executive council that has neither competence, nor unified foreign policy towards the world cannot be an executive council of Africa's foreign policy.
"We appointed commissioners who have played no role so far.
As an example, we have a Defence commissioner who has never been on the ground in Darfur, along the border between Eritrea and Ethiopia, nor in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote d'Ivoire and in the Great Lakes, which are conflict areas requiring his attention," the Libyan leader regretted.
Kadhafi also wondered who in the AU was in charge of the construction of infrastructure such as roads, railway, air transport and communications as well as the African satellite that are all badly needed by all African countries.
Meanwhile, the Libyan leader denounced the "alibis" raised by certain countries to defend their so-called national sovereignty.
For him, these are "trivial and groundless pretexts.
" "How do we accept to lose our external sovereignty and deny this to the AU," Kadhafi asked, adding, "the construction of AU institutions was not against the national sovereignty of any member country.
According to him, the most important role of the AU should be the unification of common instruments, including the management of roads, rail networks and telecommunications in Africa.
Concerning appeals for aid to Africa, the Libyan leader noted that these are like a double-edged knife.
While they appear to be lenient, in reality they are painful.
The Libyan leader deplored the "humiliating conditions" that African countries were being subjected to in order to get this aid and urged Africans to refuse it because, he said, "it is the others who need Africa's abundant wealth".
"Africa has 50 percent of world's gold reserves, 25 percent of uranium, 95 percent of diamonds, one-third of world's reserves in chromium and cobalt, 65 percent of cocoa in addition to more than 25,000 km of rivers," Kadhafi told the summit.
According to the Libyan leader, Africa cannot build its future by extending a beggar's bowls at the doors of major industrialised countries.
" He also deplored that Africa's huge debt burden was not used to finance development projects.
Turning to the scourge of HIV/AIDS, Kadhafi denounced attempts to use the disease to "terrorise" Africa, noting that Western companies exploited the pandemic to make profits behind the backs of African patients.
"People are not only dying of AIDS but also of cancer and mad-cow disease," the Libyan leader said ironically, in a reference to diseases often reported in the West.
Meanwhile, Kadhafi underscored the need to integrate the different components of the continent's economy, including water, gas and oil after conducting a viable study on how this could be achieved.
For this to become a reality, Kadhafi called for the creation of an African financial stock exchange and the removal of all obstacles to inter-African trade.
"Most of the African funds migrate abroad due to the incapacity of African markets to absorb them," he regretted.
Concerning the UN reform, the Libyan leader noted that the UN would remain a hollow institution unless the powers of the Security Council are transferred to the General Assembly, which is practically the world's parliament "The proposed expansion of the membership of the UN Security Council does not mean reform at all.
If this expansion of the Security Council means reform, we should then get rid of the General Assembly as a cost-cutting measure," the Libyan leader said.

04 july 2005 18:13:00

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