Germany: G20 Leaders launch 'Africa Partnership' to address challenges in African countries

Hamburg, Germany (PANA) - Globalisation and technological change have contributed significantly to driving economic growth and raising living standards across the globe, but besides the challenges it has created, its benefits have not been shared widely enough, Leaders of the G20 said in a declaration at the end of their two-day meeting in Hamburg, Germany, on Saturday.

In the 'Shaping an interconnected world' declaration, they affirmed their resolve to tackle common challenges to the global community, including terrorism, displacement, poverty, hunger and health threats, job creation, climate change, energy security, and inequality including gender inequality, as a basis for sustainable development and stability.

The summit, held to address major global economic challenges and to contribute to prosperity and well-being, launched the G20 Africa Partnership in recognition of the opportunities and challenges in African countries as well as the goals of the 2030 Agenda.

"Mastering the challenges of our age and shaping an interconnected world is the common goal of the G20 as our premier forum for international economic cooperation," the declaration stated.

On 'Africa Partnership', the declaration said: "Our joint efforts will foster sustainable and inclusive economic growth and development, in response to the needs and aspirations of African countries, contributing to create decent employment particularly for women and youth, thus helping to address poverty and inequality as root causes of migration."

The Partnership includes related initiatives, such as #eSkills4Girls, Rural Youth Employment, African Renewable Energy and facilitates investment Compacts.
"We welcome the outcomes of the G20 Africa Partnership Conference in Berlin, which highlighted the need for joint measures to enhance sustainable infrastructure, improve investment frameworks as well as support education and capacity building.

"Individual priorities for 'Investment Compacts' were put forward by Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal and Tunisia. Led by the respective African countries, the African Development Bank, International Monetary Fund and World Bank Group as well as the G20 and other partners, these Compacts aim to mobilise private investment as well as promote efficient use of public funding.  

"We are ready to help interested African countries and call on other partners to join the initiative. We support the goals of the Partnership through complementary initiatives as well as encourage the private sector to seize African economic opportunities in supporting sustainable growth and employment creation," said the summit's final document.

Based on equal partnership, according to the declaration, G20 members strongly welcomed African ownership and committed to align their joint measures with regional strategies and priorities, in particular the African Union’s Agenda 2063 and its Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA).

They noted that the African Union and its specialised agency, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), are important partners in its implementation and monitoring.

Recognising that migration is influenced by many political, social and economic developments, the G20 meeting maintained that the main drivers of forced displacement include conflicts, natural disasters as well as human rights violations and abuses.

"Migration and forced displacement trends are of major relevance for countries of origin, transit and destination. The social and economic benefits and opportunities of safe, orderly and regular migration can be substantial. Forced displacement and irregular migration in large movements, on the other hand, often present complex challenges.

"We support those countries that choose to develop pathways for migration, underline the importance of nationally determined integration and endorse the G20 Policy Practices for the Fair and Effective Labour Market Integration of Regular Migrants and Recognised Refugees.

"We emphasise the sovereign right of states to manage and control their borders and in this regard to establish policies in their own national interests and national security, as well as the importance that repatriation and reintegration of migrants who are not eligible to remain be safe and humane. We commit to countering migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings and we are determined to take action against people smugglers and traffickers," the declaration underlined.

Seeking to address the root causes of displacement, the summit called for concerted global efforts and coordinated and shared actions, in particular with respect to countries and communities that are under high social, political and financial pressure, and for combining both an emergency approach and a long-term one.

"To this end, we acknowledge the importance of establishing partnerships with countries of origin and transit. We will promote sustainable economic development in those countries.  

"We commit to addressing the distinct needs of refugees and migrants, in particular close to their region of origin and, when applicable, to enable them to return home safely. At the same time, we place special emphasis on vulnerable groups, including women at risk and children, particularly those unaccompanied, and to protecting the human rights of all persons regardless of their status," read part of the declaration on Africa Partnership.
The summit called  for improving the governance of migration and providing comprehensive responses to displacement and recognised the need to develop tools and institutional structures accordingly.

The G20 countries now look forward to the outcome of the UN process towards Global Compacts on Refugees and for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, both envisaged to be adopted in 2018.

Meanwhile, they emphasised the need for monitoring global displacement and migration, as well as its economic consequences. To this end, they asked the OECD, in cooperation with the International Labour Organisation (ILO), International Organization for Migration (IOM) and UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), to update them annually on trends and policy challenges.
-0- PANA AR 8July2017

08 july 2017 17:41:17

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