Cote d'Ivoire: 450 million Africans benefit from transport projects financed by AfDB between 1967 and 2017

Abidjan, Coe d'Ivoire (PANA) - In its 50 years of existence, the African Development Bank (AfDB) has financed more than 450 transport projects, changing the daily lives of nearly 450 million people across Africa.

According to the media channel of the AfDB, roads, ports, airports, railways, and others are compiled on a map published on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the first project financed by the Bank in 1967, roads in Kenya.

The document makes it possible to visualize the location of the different projects and the financial volumes committed in each country. In total, the Bank has lent and donated more than US$ 30 billion to improve transport systems in Africa.

While almost all AfDB member countries have received funding, the map details the states that have most requested the institution. The first recipients of transport-related financing over the past 50 years, Morocco and Tunisia, received US$ 2.7 billion and US$ 2 billion, respectively.

At the sub-regional level, the map shows the importance of East Africa. Financing for projects in the transport sector exceeds
US$ 1 billion in Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia. West Africa followed, with Côte d'Ivoire as the locomotive, which recently benefited from urban megaprojects.

The document also differentiates the different types of transport supported. Road projects are the most numerous. Some contribute to the isolation of remote areas, allowing the opening of a virtuous economic circle, in particular by releasing their agricultural potential, such as that of the Koumra - Sarh road in southern Chad. Others consolidate important existing traffic routes that interconnect African capitals and link them to major ports, facilitating trade. In 1967, the paving of two road sections in Kenya, the first project financed by the AfDB, already had this vocation. The first section linked the towns of Eldoret, Kenya, to the Timborora region of Uganda, laying the foundations for a road route through which today most of the trade between the countries of the Great Lakes region And the Indian Ocean. The latter connected the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, to the Kilimanjaro region of Tanzania. It has become a major hub for both trade and tourism in both countries.

In total, more than 40,000km of roads have been paved via Bank financing, four times the distance from Tunis, the northernmost capital of the continent, to Cape Town in the extreme south.

African ports have also received a lot of funding. Points of entry into international trade, they are important elements for the economic competitiveness of African countries. 16 of them have been created, enlarged or modernized through AfDB financing, especially in West Africa: Cotonou (1979), Banjul (1982), Conakry (1983). Dakar (2009), Lomé (2011). It is also, in part, through these ports that trade in landlocked countries such as Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger goes by. The institution has also supported shipyards (Cape Verde, Cameroon, Burundi).

By allowing freight and passengers to be transported over long distances and at lower cost, rail transport plays a structuring role for the economic activity and territorial cohesion of several African countries. The map shows the relative progress of Southern Africa and North Africa in this sector: these two regions bring together nine of the 14 African countries that have applied for the ADB for railway projects. Tunisia (1975) and Zambia (1979) have paved the way, while the most recent projects concern Transnet operator in South Africa (2010 and 2014), as well as a multinational project Mozambique - Malawi (2015) . The latter are supported by the Bank's private sector window, as rail activity is conducive to the creation of public-private partnerships.

In the aviation sector, the Bank has supported investments in some 30 airports across the continent. In large countries such as Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo, both of which are assisted by the ADB, air transport provides territorial cohesion and responds to emergencies such as food and medicines. By financing airports in archipelagos such as Cape Verde or Seychelles, the AfDB contributes to their integration into the flows.
-0- PANA VAO 12Aug2017

12 august 2017 11:07:21

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