'Sudan in historic 2010 parliamentary elections'

Dakar- Senegal (PANA) -- The parliamentary election, part of the three-day genera l elections which began Sunday in Sudan, is the sixth in the nation's history, according to Sudanese political sources.
The last of the six elections were held in 1986 after the fall of the late Presi dent Gaafar El-Nimeiri who seized power in a 1969 military coup and ruled the country until he was overthrown in 1985.
According to the sources, the first parliamentary election was been held in 1953 , in the line with the Condominium Rule Agreement signed between Egypt and Sudan three years before Sudan got its independence from Britain.
According to the Sudan Vision, a Sudanese Independent Daily, seven major political parties have taken part of those elections -- the Umma Party, the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), National Islamic Front (NIF), the Sudan national Party, the Arab socialist Baath Party, the Sudan African Congress, and the Sudanese Communist Party.
The Umma Party, the DUP and NIF won the majority of the seats in the 1986 elections, and as none was able to form a government for its own, the Umma Party from 1986 to 1989 formed several coalition governments with either the DUP or NIF.
Due to the poor performance of the successive coalition governments, the army took power in June 1989 under the Alingaz rule which eventually set the stage for a democratic transition through the current elections that will be held from Sunday to Tuesday.
The current elections will be followed by a self-determination referendum in Jan uary 2011 for the People of South Sudan.
The sources recall that a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), also known as the Naivasha Agreement, was a set of deals signed in January 2005 between the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Sudan.
It was aimed at ending the Second Sudanese Civil War, develop democratic governance countrywide and share oil revenues.
It further set a timetable by which Southern Sudan would have an independence referendum on whether or not it should remain a part of Sudan, while a simultaneous referendum will be held in Abyei on whether to become or not part of Southern Sudan.
However, the two parties (NCP and SPLM) disagreed over what proportion of voters could make voting in favour of independence valid -- while the NCP wanted at le ast 75%, the central government of Sudan and the South Sudanese government agreed in October 2009 that turnout would have to be 60% for the vote to be valid.
The agreement stated that as long as turnout is 60% or higher, a simple majority vote in favour of independence will result in independence for South Sudan.
But should the turnout be insufficient in the first referendum, a second one wil l be held within 60 days.

11 april 2010 17:48:00

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